In the Italian tradition gnocchi are always meant to be dumplings. They are generally made with a potato – base with the addition of flour. The proportions of potatoes and flour may vary from region to region, according to local customs and traditions, as well as to the type of potatoes used. In addition to potato based gnocchi, there are also other types of gnocchi made with flour, semolina ricotta cheese, spinach, or bread crumbs.
Gnocchetti are usually smaller than gnocchi.